Genetically Modified Organisms: Recent advances in production and Application

Inderjeet , Anirban Deb , Muneer Alam, Jasveen Khanduja

Abstract


The development of genetically modified organisms was made possible with the help of genetic engineering techniques. Genetically modified organisms are the organisms for example plant, animal, microorganisms etc. in which the genetic material is altered by some way or the other. Recent advances in the field of biotechnology have also enabled modification in agricultural practices thereby, leading to increase in the productivity and yield of plant and crops and making them resistant to environmental stress. Over the past few decades the production of genetically modified food has risen up to 90% of crops grown in US today. Genetically modified crops contain genes that make them pest resistance, increase the content of nutrition, give the yield higher than the normal and lead to increase in growth. Examples of genetically modified crops include corn, soybean, tobacco, tomato, cotton, sugarcane etc. Genetically modified organisms are surrounded by various environment and health related concerns therefore, its products are carefully assessed for both environmental and human safety before releasing it into nature and to the market.

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